Ignis Mutat Res
Project initiators: C. Mazzoni.
Funding: The Culture and Communication Ministry and the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, 2013-2016.
Team members : R. Borghi, L. d’Emilio, J.-A. Héraud, C. Mazzoni, F. Rudolf and the AMUP doctoral students : A. Amat, L. Debus, A. Grigorovschi, FAN Lang, A. Mahfoud, M. Jaraj, I. Maznichenko, M.-Ch. Welsch, in cooperation with E. Chenderowsky (Strasbourg Eurométropole de Strasbourgis).
“Penser l'architecture, la ville et les paysages au prisme de l'énergie”
The first session of this Research programme was initiated in June 2011, on the initiative of the Culture and Communication Ministry (Architectural, Urban and Landscape Research Office), the Ecology, sustainable development and energy Ministry (Directorate for Research and Innovation) and the Paris International Workshop. During the two first phases (2011-2013 and 2012-2014), twelve research projects from worldwide academic institutions were selected and funded, while two doctoral theses were included in the Programme. Since the second session, new public and private partners, like Veolia Environnement and VeDeCoM are included. The consortium of institutional partners initiated a third session of the interdisciplinary Research Programme Ignis Mutat Res on the connections between the disciplines of space arrangement, engineering sciences and energy, which is one of the key concepts of the environmental issue. Five new pluridisciplinary french and foreign teams have been selected to be funded. The aim of this Programme is to explore, both historically and prospectively the relationship between energy systems and environment in order to support new Research on the energy quality of buildings, towns and landscapes. The other aim is to stimulate public awareness on energy issues and its economic, political, anthropological and social dimensions.
The AMUP Project
Tram-train, ou l’énergie des courtes distances dans Strasbourg Métropole.
Acteurs, logiques et processus du projet métropolitain durable .
(scientific dir. Cristiana Mazzoni).
The system we analyse was established by a territorial policy and encourages light rail transports. It is statistically proven that scientific advances when it comes to railways have reduced more than half of the CO2 emissions in 20 years, and thatwhen it comes to the overall production of CO2, the connection between roads and railways show significant differences in their values : 123,8 million tones of CO2 produced in France in 2010 by road transports and 0,5 produced by railway transports. This system is studied in the context of a cross-border city that is influenced by the Swiss and German models of polycentric towns. Owing to its geographic position in the Rhineland, the city of Strasbourg could experiment the model of the short distances city. Strasbourg could thus be regarded as a laboratory of short distances energy. Based on this hypothesis, we explore the impact of lightrail transports, especially Tram-train on the urban and metropolitan territories of Strasbourg. The issue of including the railway line in the large-scale territory is combined with the one of conceiving railway stations and railway districts around this same line. We will use the NEST software, which is a plugin Google Sketch-up, as an environment assessment tool of the various implemented scenarios. All the submitted quantitative information will enable to assess the impact and confrontation of prospective scenarios at the neighborhood and buildings levels, especially to evaluate the dense districts around new railway stations.
The expected results are : the establishment of a critical State of affairs of the past and current projects, which would enable to assess the qualities of the “short distances city” when it comes to production/energy saving ; the implementation of a Metropolitan Observatory to discuss and create scenarios, which would enable to strengthen the links between the Research community and institutional bodies like the CUS ; the implementation of a “Hors les murs” facility to discuss and share about projects linked to creative economy and its impact on the evolution of the territory ; the creation of a prospective collection of territorial, urban and architectural projects scenarios that would be a creation tool both for the institutional bodies, the prime contractors and students, and that would deal with the energy saving issue.